Welcome to the tenth installment in the ongoing Local Diversity and Inclusion Spotlight series. In these blog posts, we’ll be exploring how various countries around the world address diversity and inclusion in their culture and workplace.
Our newest spotlight country? Jordan, a country that celebrates its Independence Day on May 25.
Here are some things to know about diversity and inclusion in Ireland.
Note: Information is excerpted from GlobeSmart Culture Guides.
Note that while women are represented fairly well in the Jordanian workforce, they typically earn less than men for doing the same amount of work and are less likely to be promoted to senior positions.
Compared to other Middle Eastern countries, working conditions for women in Jordan are relatively good. Women are well represented in the Jordanian workforce, but relatively few work in business and even fewer are in management roles. Women are found in most sectors working as teachers, doctors, police officers, bankers, and government employees.
In terms of salary, women earn less than their male colleagues. In banking, for example, women employees outnumber men, most likely because banks have shorter working hours than other jobs, similar to teaching. Typically, women will also have more opportunities for career advancement in banking than in other industries. However, there is still a glass ceiling that prevents them from accessing very senior positions. Similarly, while many women work in government, it is unusual to see a large representation of women in politics. There is discussion about having a quota in parliament to promote equality in gender representation, but the initiative is only at an early stage. Some NGOs have focused on getting more women into the workforce.
As a woman leader, try to be polite but assertive at the same time. Give constructive criticism indirectly to your male staff members to avoid making them lose face.
Foreign women leaders often face the challenge of leading men who might feel awkward taking instructions from a woman due to issues of face. Sensitive leaders may try to phrase orders or constructive criticism in as indirect a way as possible.
Turn down offers from men to meet alone outside of work politely but firmly. The most effective way to deal with inappropriate advances is to ignore them.
When a woman is appointed to a senior position, there may be incorrect assumptions about how she got to where she is in rank. As a result, she may receive inappropriate advances from male colleagues, in which case she would need to learn how to remain calm and discourage them by ignoring them.
While homosexuality is legal, same-sex marriages and civil unions are not recognized under Jordanian law.
Jordan updated its Penal Code in 1951, decriminalizing sodomy in private between consenting adults. The age of consent is 16. Civil partnerships, same-sex marriage, and cohabitation are not recognized by Jordanian law. Marriage is conventionally viewed as between a man and a woman. Anyone found to be in deliberate violation of this convention may face legal punishment.
Jordan has strict entry regulations; anyone who has AIDS or is HIV positive may be turned back at all ports of entry into the country.
Foreign nationals who would like to take up residence must take an AIDS test at a government medical facility. Those who test positive for AIDS will be subject to immediate deportation. HIV tests are not required for short stays of one month or less.
Societal discrimination is still prevalent against members of the LGBT community.
Discrimination may take the form of police targeting of those who are known or suspected to be LGBT. In addition, those of the LGBT community are often fearful of challenging police abuses due to their sexual orientation. Sexual orientation may also make one the target of punishment by one’s own family.
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